#Cholesterol #flaxseeds #heart
High Cholesterol & Flax Seeds || Myth Busted – Tips From NCCIH
You should know the difference low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and “good” high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, and their effects on the body.
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In addition to referring to the plant itself, the word “Flax” may refer to the unspun fibers of the flax plant.
The earliest evidence of humans using wild flax as a textile comes from the present-day Republic of Georgia, where spun, dyed, and knotted wild flax fibers found in Dzudzuana Cave date to the Upper Paleolithic, 30,000 years ago.
In North America, colonists introduced flax, and it flourished there, but by the early 20th century, cheap cotton and rising farm wages had caused production of flax to become concentrated in northern Russia, which came to provide 90% of the world’s output.
Flax fibers taken from the stem of the plant are two to three times as strong as cotton fibers.
Flax fibers are naturally smooth and straight.
Linseed meal, the by-product of producing linseed oil from flax seeds, is used as livestock fodder.
Flax fiber is extracted from the bast beneath the surface of the stem of the flax plant.
Flax fiber is soft, lustrous, and flexible; bundles of fiber have the appearance of blonde hair, hence the description “Flaxen” hair.
Flax fiber is a raw material used in the high-quality paper industry for the use of printed banknotes, laboratory paper, rolling paper for cigarettes, and tea bags.
The use of flax fibers dates back tens of thousands of years; linen, a refined textile made from flax fibers, was worn widely by Sumerian priests more than 4,000 years ago.
Plants do not make cholesterol but manufacture phytosterols, chemically similar substances which can compete with cholesterol for reabsorption in the intestinal tract, thus potentially reducing cholesterol reabsorption.
Biosynthesis of cholesterol is directly regulated by the cholesterol levels present, though the homeostatic mechanisms involved are only partly understood.
Cholesterol synthesis can also be turned off when cholesterol levels are high.
Cholesterol within different lipoproteins is identical, although some is carried as its native “Free” alcohol form, while others as fatty acyl esters, known also as cholesterol esters, within the particles.
LDL receptors are used up during cholesterol absorption, and its synthesis is regulated by SREBP, the same protein that controls the synthesis of cholesterol de novo, according to its presence inside the cell.
Such as avocado, flax seeds and peanuts, contain phytosterols, which compete with cholesterol for absorption in the intestines, reduce the absorption of both dietary and bile cholesterol.
Inherited high cholesterol can also include genetic mutations in the PCSK9 gene and the gene for apolipoprotein B. Elevated cholesterol levels are treated with a strict diet consisting of low saturated fat, trans fat-free, low cholesterol foods, often followed by one of various hypolipidemic agents, such as statins, fibrates, cholesterol absorption inhibitors, nicotinic acid derivatives or bile acid sequestrants.
As a result, people with a history of cardiovascular disease may derive benefit from statins irrespective of their cholesterol levels, and in men without cardiovascular disease, there is benefit from lowering abnormally high cholesterol levels.
The 1987 report of National Cholesterol Education Program, Adult Treatment Panels suggests the total blood cholesterol level should be: Less Than 200 mg/dL normal blood cholesterol, 200-239 mg/dL borderline-high, Greater than 240 mg/dL high cholesterol.
The lipid profile measures: total cholesterol, cholesterol associated with HDL particles, triglycerides and cholesterol carried by LDL particles.